Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement and Implantation (TAVR/ TAVI)

What is it?

This procedure is reserved for people who might have complications when it comes to open heart surgery. A new valve is inserted to replace the existing valve. A catheter is inserted into the valve and inflated. Once the valve is expanded it allows blood to flow through the heart.

How should I prepare? 

When a patient is preparing for this procedure, it is important that they have taken the necessary testing required for the procedure. Patients should talk to their doctor about medications that they need to take, the amount of activity acceptable, and dietary needs. Patients should also arrange a ride to and from the appointment.

What Happens During the Process?

This procedure is performed on people with problems with the aortic valve. A wire will be placed through the femoral artery around the groin and placed into the left ventricle. A balloon catheter is then passed over the wire. It is inflated opening the valve. A transcatheter valve is then placed into the stenotic valve and is ballooned open again. The wire is removed. Leaving a healthy valve and normal blood flow.

What are the risks and potential complications? 

  • Death
  • Stroke
  • Artery Damage
  • Valve Leakage
  • Bleeding


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