This is a minimally invasive procedure to treat Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD). The procedure uses interbody arthrodesis, where the spine is fused, and posterior screw fixation.
What is it?
This procedure is used in the lower back for treatment of pain due to a herniated disc.
How you prepare
The patient will need to complete a physical exam to ensure good health prior to surgery. Blood thinner medicines should be stopped 2 weeks prior to surgery. Additionally, quitting smoking and drinking prior to surgery will help provide better results. Before leaving for the procedure, the patient should prepare their home for post-operative care requiring little bending or reaching.
What happens during the process?
The patient lies on their stomach or side and a small nick is made near the flank of the back. A needle is placed through the skin and into the disc, through the intervertebral foramen. The diseased disc is then removed and bone growth material is placed. An implant and screws are used to hold to support the vertebrae during the recovery process.
Risk and Complications
Potential risks include reaction to anesthesia, infection, blood loss, nerve injury, possible re-operation, lack of solid fusion, and continued or increased pain. Medical complications include pneumonia, heart attack, stroke, or blood clots.
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