Minimally invasive spine surgery is performed as an alternative to open spine surgery. It uses a smaller incision that avoids adjacent muscles and is expedites recovery times.
What is it?
Minimally invasive spine surgery is beneficial because the surgeon does not need to make any large incisions or displace unnecessary muscles. The doctor can see internally through a camera. The surgery typically requires a four-inch incision.
What should I do to prepare?
The patient should refrain from smoking, drinking alcohol, taking blood thinners and taking any non-essential medications. The patient is not permitted to eat or drink from midnight prior to operation until after the conclusion of the operation. Transportation accommodations should be made because the patient may not be fit to drive, as a result of pain and medications.
What happens during the process?
These procedures can take place through the skin, or with a small incision. Most of the time the patient is sedated with anesthesia and won’t feel anything until after he or she wakes. Typically a tubular retractor is used to create space for the surgeon to use tools in the body and operate on herniated discs or spinal fusions. After the procedure, the surgeons removes the tubular retractor and sew the incision.
What are the risks and potential complications?
Minimally invasive spine surgery comes with associated risks, that include, but are not limited to anesthesia allergies, blood clots, and adverse effects because of undiagnosed medical problems.
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