Hernia repair is a procedure in which the intestine is pushed back into the abdomen. The torn abdomen is sewn together and the synthetic mesh is used on the weak area to reinforce the abdomen. Hernia repair is recommended when hernias are painful or become too large, and the procedure can be done openly or laparoscopically.
What is it?
A hernia occurs when the intestines bulge out of the abdomen. A hernia repair is used to return structures to the correct position, such as when the intestines bulge out of the appropriate abdominal positioning. Also, the weak sections of the abdominal wall can be repaired to prevent further herniation. The mesh can be used to reinforce these weak areas of the abdomen.
What should I do to prepare?
If having hernia repair surgery, it is important that the patient follows the eating and drinking restrictions set by the doctor to avoid complications with anesthesia. The doctor should be informed on the medications the patient takes and aware of any medical conditions so that it can be included in the treatment plan. The patient may need to be on a liquid diet just before surgery. Additionally, patients may need to flush their intestines out using a laxative provided by his or her doctor or bought over the counter. Transportation accommodations should be arranged to be driven home after the operation.
What happens during the process?
This procedure will typically involve general anesthesia and may alternatively require a local epidural. Depending on whether you have an open or laparoscopic procedure, the surgeon will either make one large incision or several small ones. A hernia will be accessed and repaired using surgical instruments.
What are the risks and potential complications?
This procedure involves risks as with any surgical treatment. Specifically, there is the possibility of hernia recurrence, vas deferens or testicular injury in males, scar tissue, numbness, and pain.
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