Gallbladder surgery is a procedure in which the gallbladder is removed. The procedure is typically performed laparoscopically, through several small incisions in the abdomen. It may be necessary when there is pain caused by gallstones.
What is it?
This procedure is a method of removing the gallbladder. This type of intervention may be required when symptomatic gallstones are present. It is often done laparoscopically, rather than in an open manner.
What should I do to prepare?
If a patient is receiving gallbladder surgery, it is important that he or she follow the eating and drinking restrictions set by the doctor to avoid complications with anesthesia. The doctor should be informed on the medications the patient is taking and present medical conditions so that this can be included in the treatment plan. Additionally, the patient may need to have the intestines flushed via an over the counter laxative or a laxative provided by the doctor. Transportation accommodations should be made to be driven home following the surgery.
What happens during the process?
This surgery is performed under general anesthesia. A camera device with an attached tool is inserted through a small incision near the belly button. Air or carbon dioxide will be used to inflate the abdomen so that the surgeon can properly visualize internal structures. Several small incisions will be made to allow surgical equipment to enter the area and remove the gallbladder.
What are the risks and potential complications?
This procedure involves risks as with any surgical treatment involving anesthesia, but gallbladder surgery has very low risk overall. Specifically, there is the possibility of incisions becoming infected, internal bleeding, common bile duct injury, small intestine injury, and risks associated with general anesthesia.
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