During cystoscopy, a small tube with a camera on the end is inserted through the urethra up to the bladder.

What is it?

A cystoscopy is a procedure used to observe the bladder. During the procedure, a small tube with a light and a camera at the end is inserted into the urethra and guided up to the bladder. While in the bladder the doctor can observe any conditions the bladder may have. This procedure is used to observe tumors in the bladder. Doctors can guide small tools through the tube to cut growth inside the bladder.

How to prepare?

If the patient has a urinary tract infection or a weak immune system, doctors will prescribe antibiotics for before and after the procedure. A urine sample is needed before going through with the procedure. Guardians will need to speak with their doctors about any allergies their child has. Any allergic reactions to anesthetic should be mentioned to the doctor. It is important for guardians to talk about the medication their child is taking with the doctor. The doctor will assess which medications are okay to take before the procedure. It is important for the guardian to follow these instruction. Failure to adhere to these instructions can lead to problems during the surgery.

What happens during the process?

The surgeon and his medical team will give specific instructions and will discuss exactly how the procedure done. Right before the patient goes into the procedure room they will need to empty their bladder. Antibiotics will be given to the patient to prevent any infection. The procedure can take anywhere from five to thirty minutes.

Risk and complications:

* Bleeding

* Infection

* Swollen urethra

* Burning sensation when urinating

* Blood clotting

* Blood in urine

* Frequent urination right after the procedure


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