Colon Cancer



Colon Cancer can be treated with surgery if it is diagnosed early during stage I or stage II stages. The exact type of surgery depends on the stage of the cancer and where it is located.

What is it?

Colon Cancer surgery can vary depending on the severity and location of the cancer. In the very early stages, colon cancer can be removed during a colonoscopy with a procedure known as polypectomy. If the cancer has spread further than polyps, a colectomy may be used to remove some or the entire colon.

How to prepare?

In preparation of a colectomy procedure, it is very important that a patient is otherwise healthy. If the tumor is large enough the block the colon, the surgeon may insert a stent to relieve the blockage a few days before the surgery. On the day of surgery, the patient will have blood pressure and breathing monitored and may have antibiotics administered through an IV. The patient will be given anesthesia to prevent them from being awake during the surgery.

What happens during the process?

The exact process differs depending on if the surgery is open or laparoscopic. The surgeon and his medical team will discuss the exact procedure and give specific instructions prior to the surgery.

Risks and Complications

Possible risks of Colon Cancer surgery include:

* Bleeding

* Blood Clots in legs and lungs

* Infection

* Injuries to organs near the colon like small intestines and bladder

* Tears in sutures that reconnect the remaining parts of the digestive system


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