Bronchoscopy – Pediatric

A bronchoscopy is a simple procedure in which the doctor examines the throat, larynx, trachea, and lower airways using an instrument called a bronchoscope.

What is it?

This procedure is used to visualize the airways when examining a patient. This may be done when someone is experiencing symptoms such as difficulty breathing, bleeding, or chronic coughing. It also may be used to collect tissue and mucus samples. This is done using an instrument called a bronchoscope. The bronchoscope is a thin, flexible tube with a fiber-optic system attached to a video camera and light source. It is typically inserted through the nose without anesthesia. A bronchoscopy may be used to find objects blocking the airways that need to be removed. It is also utilized by doctors to look for growths and cancers. The procedure takes, on average, 15 minutes.

What should I do to prepare?

Individuals should not consume food within four to six hours prior to the procedure and may need to avoid certain dietary supplements and medications.

What happens during the process?

This procedure may involve a local anesthetic that is sprayed into the nose and mouth. The bronchoscope is inserted nasally, and it is advanced throughout the airways slowly as the exam is performed. Additional equipment may be necessary, for example, if tissue samples are being collected.

What are the risks and potential complications?

Bronchoscopy is considered safe, but there is a possibility of side effects. These include spasms that cause breathing problems, heart arrhythmias, infection, and hoarseness.


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