Biceps Tendon Rupture Surgery (Elbow)


Biceps Tendon Rupture Surgery is a procedure that helps to reattach the biceps tendon to the forearm to regain function and movement in the arm.

What is it?

Biceps Tendon Rupture Surgery is necessary when a person tears their biceps tendon from the forearm bone.   An individual may either partially or completely tear their biceps tendon.  This damage can happen during strenuous lifting which forces the elbow into a straight position.  Surgery is necessary to regain full strength and function in the arm if the tear is complete.  Biceps Tendon Rupture Surgery will re-attach the biceps tendon to a particular part of the forearm, called the radial tuberosity.

What should I do to prepare?

Preparing for any surgery can be stressful.  It is best to understand and talk with your doctor about what will happen during the surgery and what to expect after it is complete.  Having a family member or close friend with you the day of surgery can help alleviate some stress.  Scans and preoperative testing will be conducted to determine the best approach to reattach the tendon.  A patient should not eat or drink after the midnight before surgery.  The operation should be performed in the first two to three weeks following the injury to ensure the best outcomes.

What happens during the process?

There are two methods to fix the biceps tendon onto the radial tuberosity.  The most common approach is to drill small holes into the radius and suture the biceps tendon in place on the radial tuberosity.  The second method is to use metal anchors that will hold the tendon in the proper position until it is fully healed.

What are the risks and potential complications?

Any surgery involving bones, muscles, or tendons will pose a risk for re-injury.  Although uncommon, it is possible to re-tear the biceps tendon after it is fully healed.  Another risk is that new bone might grow on the radius, limiting movement of the arm.  This excess bone growth could potentially require corrective surgery depending on the extent of growth.  Infections, bleeding, and numbness or tingling are also possible with this surgery.


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