A hemorrhoidectomy is often the most effective way to treat severe hemorrhoids. It is usually only done if other, less invasive, treatments are ineffective or if the hemorrhoid is very large.

What is it

A hemorrhoidectomy is a procedure done to remove hemorrhoids. Small incisions are used to access the hemorrhoid, and the swollen vein is tied off before the hemorrhoid is removed.

How to prepare

You may be asked to stop eating or drinking for a certain amount of time before the procedure. You may also be asked to stop taking certain medications.

What happens during the process

Prior to the procedure you will be given general anesthesia. The swollen veins in the hemorrhoid is cut off from blood flow as to limit bleeding. The hemorrhoid is surgically removed, either by a scalpel or a laser. Gauze is placed over the surgical site.

Risks and Complications

  • Some people may experience difficulty urinating after the procedure.
  • Some people may experience urinary tract infections after the procedure.


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